Cameroon is located in West Africa. It borders Nigeria to the west, Chad to the northeast, the Central African Republic to the east and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south.
While Cameroon is not the largest country in Africa, in some ways it’s as large as Africa itself. Known as “Africa in miniature” it features French and English speaking portions, Muslim and Christian dominated regions, the tallest mountain in West Africa and terrain that includes rain forest, desert plains, mountains and high plateau.
Government Unitary republic; multiparty presidential regime (opposition parties legalized in 1990)
Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XAF)
Area 475,440 sq km
Population 17,340,702 (July 2006 est.)
Language 4 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Religion indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%
Yellow Fever certificates are required for travel to Cameroon.
Malaria is common, especially in the central and southern parts of the country. The risk is much lower in the mountains of the Northwest Province and the arid areas on the Extreme North. Prophylactics are recommended because of the severity of some strains of malaria in the country.
Other tropical diseases are also common, including dysentery, bilharzia, hepatitis, and giardia occur. There are occasional outbreaks of cholera in Yaounde and Douala, but rarely affect travelers.
There are several good quality hospitals in the country. Most are located in Douala or Yaounde, but Kumbo has two very good private hospitals as well.
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